After the capitulation of the Dutch forces, 45,000 soldiers were taken prisoner and held in prisoner-of-war camps. Many were sent overseas to work in Japan or in other occupied areas, for instance on the infamous Burma Railway. In 1942, the Japanese interned the other European men (and some mixed-descent Indo-Europeans) older than seventeen who were citizens of enemy powers, holding them in civilian men's camps. In 1944, all boys above the age of nine were sent to separate boys' camps, which were part of the men's camps. Only in one camp, Baros 5, are Jewish men known to have been held (along with Freemasons) in a separate barrack, known as Tel Aviv.
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