Departure from Indonesia

After the transfer of sovereignty in 1949, the Europeans in the colony began to leave. That included the European Jews. Mixed-descent Indo-European families faced a difficult choice between Dutch and Indonesian citizenship. In late 1957, the Sukarno regime decided to nationalize Dutch companies, and the Dutch were required to leave Indonesia. This led to the deterioration of the entire Dutch infrastructure, such as the educational system. The founding of the state of Israel and the Suez-Sinai War also made life unsafe for the remaining Jews in the Muslim nation of Indonesia. The ‘Baghdad Jews’ ultimately left too, emigrating to the United States, Australia, and Israel around 1960.

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